Aquaculture is defined as the farming and husbandry of aquatic organisms. In practice aquaculture or mariculture (saltwater aquaculture) involves commercially growing seafood for consumers. It also involves the sciences of natural resource management and enhancement, collection methods, aquarium technology, facility construction and maintenance, and biotechnology production from marine organisms.
Carteret Community College offers the Aquaculture Technology program and emphasizes applied marine sciences and mariculture. The focus of the program is on salt-water species like oysters, clams, soft-shell crabs, and marine finfish like flounder, drum and bait minnows but some freshwater aquaculture species are also covered.